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Cannabis Vs. Marijuana: What You Need to Know

Many times, the phrases “Cannabis” and “Marijuana” are used synonymously, creating confusion about whether they refer to the same plant or something else. In this piece, we’ll examine the differences between Cannabis and marijuana as well as the several applications for this adaptable plant.

Cannabis and Marijuana: What’s in a Name?

Cannabis Sativa L is a flowering plant genus with three species: Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Ruderalis. This genus has several strains and cultivars with distinct traits, sometimes referred to as Marijuana.


Cannabis refers to the whole plant genus. These plants have industrial, medical, and recreational uses and have been cultivated for thousands of years. Cannabinoids in Cannabis interact with the human endocannabinoid system to affect physiological and psychological functions.

Traditionally, Cannabis Sativa L is categorised into three different varieties:

Cannabis sativa

In the past, Sativa strains were thought to energise and elevate. THC, the psychoactive ingredient responsible for the “high” associated with Cannabis, is usually present in larger amounts than CBD, a non-intoxicating molecule with possible medicinal effects.

Cannabis Indica

In the past, Sativa strains were assumed to calm and sedate. They can be helpful for pain treatment, stress reduction, and sleep enhancement.

Cannabis Ruderalis

Industries commonly utilise Ruderalis, the least recognised of the three species, due to its low THC level. Breeders mate Ruderalsi with other strains to develop auto-flowering Cannabis strains.


Marijuana is slang for Cannabis, used more in the US. The origin of its use dates back to when Cannabis was stigmatised and linked to the early 20th century.

Cannabis vs. Marijuana: Legal Distinctions

There are no legal distinctions between Cannabis and marijuana. Many areas regulate the production, possession, and usage of cannabis.

Cannabis Marijuana
Image provided by Releaf via Cannabis Images

Medical and recreational use

Many nations and states allow medicinal and recreational cannabis usage. These areas permit legal marijuana usage, typically controlling it for quality and safety. Doctors give medical marijuana to treat chronic pain, epilepsy, and anxiety.

Industrial Use

Cannabis is grown for industrial, medicinal, and recreational use. Industrial hemp is farmed for fibres, seeds, and oil. These plants contain less THC and don’t get you high. Textiles, paper, biofuels, and other eco-friendly items are made from industrial hemp.

Why do people use Cannabis?

Cannabis usage is varied, and strain and manner depend on aims. The following are the main reasons for using Cannabis:

Medicinal Use

People have been using Medical Cannabis for ages. Its cannabinoids and terpenes may be medicinal. Cannabis’ most popular medicinal uses include:

To manage pain

Cannabis reduces chronic pain, making it a good choice for arthritis, fibromyalgia, and cancer patients.

Depression, anxiety

THC and CBD-rich cannabis strains may reduce anxiety and despair.


CBD-based epilepsy treatments may reduce seizure frequency and severity.


Cannabis’ antiemetic qualities aid chemotherapy patients.

Sleep disorders 

Some indica strains help insomniacs sleep better.

Recreational Use

Certain strains of Cannabis are enjoyed and mood-altering by many recreational users. This may provide relaxation, exhilaration, and sociability. Some use Cannabis socially or to unwind after a hard day.

Spiritual and Ritual Use

Many religious and spiritual rites have included Cannabis. Some civilisations think the plant helps them find a higher power or realise themselves. The Rastafarian and Native American churches use Cannabis in their ceremonies.

Inspiration for creativity

Cannabis boosts creativity and inspiration for certain artists. It may help individuals overcome mental hurdles and approach art more openly. The individual’s creativity is complicated and varies due to the relationship with cannabis.

Industry Applications

Non-psychoactive textiles, paper, biodegradable plastics, and building materials make use of industrial hemp for its production. Essential fatty acids are found in hemp seeds and oil, utilised in food and cosmetics.

Cannabis Strains and Their Effects

As said, Sativa, Indica, and hybrid Cannabis strains have different impacts and features. Users may choose the proper pressure by understanding these strains.

Sativa Strains

Traditionally, these were assumed to be the typical impacts of sativa strains:

  • Uplifting and inspiring
  • Enhanced inventiveness
  • Increased attention and awareness
  • Talkative and social
  • High amounts may cause anxiety or paranoia.

Sativas like Sour Diesel, Jack Herer, and Durban Poison are popular.

Indica Strains

Likewise, traditionally, the effects of Indica strains were thought to include:

  • Sedating and relaxing
  • Pain alleviation
  • Relaxed muscles
  • Improved sleep
  • Appetite stimulation

Indica strains include Northern Lights, OG Kush, and Purple Kush.

Hybrid Strains

Hybrid strains combine sativa and indica traits. Indica-, sativa-, or balanced hybrids exist. Based on their genetics, hybrid strains may lead to a variety of effects on the consumer.

Consuming Cannabis

User experience also depends on cannabis consumption techniques. Some common consumption methods:


Burning cannabis releases vaporised chemicals that are inhaled. This fast-starting approach uses joints, pipes, and bongs.


Vaping Cannabis releases active chemicals without combustion by heating the plant or concentrate. Given its lower byproducts, this practice is generally considered healthier than smoking.


Brownies, gummies, and drinks with Cannabis are subtle ways to take Cannabis. The digestive system delays the effects as chemicals transit through it before entering circulation.


Cannabis tinctures are sublingual liquid extract with fast absorption and regulated dosage.


Cannabis creams, lotions, and balms relieve pain and inflammation locally on the skin. Psychoactive effects are absent.


Dabbing uses a heated surface to vaporise cannabis concentrates like wax or shatter. Although potent, this approach should be used with care owing to its high THC level.

Transdermal patches

Transdermal patches that administer Cannabis via the skin provide long-lasting comfort without the need for regular doses.


The terms Cannabis and marijuana mean the same thing. Making educated cannabis usage choices requires understanding this. Medical, recreational, and industrial Cannabis has many uses and effects but should be used carefully and in compliance with local legislation.

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